Michael J. Wojcik, a physicist with the X-ray Science Division Optics Group at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Advanced Photon Source, is a co-winner of a 2020 R&D 100 Award for the X-ray Polarizing Beam Splitter (XRPBS). Other members of the team that developed the XRPBS are Radu Presura (principal investigator), Mathew Wallace, and Showera Haque, all from the DOE’s Nevada National Security Site.
The XRPBS is the first-ever instrument to combine an x-ray polarizer and an x-ray beam splitter. The instrument uses a single cubic crystal to separate an incoming x-ray beam into two polarized beams, enabling the measurement of both components simultaneously. The technology relies on asymmetric reflections on two internal planes of a crystal to split an x-ray beam into two components according to their polarization. The tool can be used for plasma diagnostics and for analyzing the linear polarization state of an x-ray beam, and can even be used in reverse to combine two x-ray beams into one.
The R&D 100 Awards have served as the most prestigious innovation awards program for the past 56 years. The R&D 100 Conference was launched in 2015 as an executive educational event that both celebrates the historic R&D 100 Awards and provides unique opportunities for R&D professionals to learn, network, and collaborate. This year’s awards celebration and presentation took place virtually on September 30 and October 1, 2020.
Argonne scientists have received more than 130 R&D 100 Awards since the competition began. Past winners include Fortune 500 companies, other national laboratories, academic institutions and smaller companies. Other Argonne winners this year include:
• Kyle Burke Pfeiffer for the Resiliency Analysis and Planning Tool that provides emergency managers with information about vulnerable populations in their regions, helping them to better understand and evaluate their communities’ resilience to disasters;
• Laura Adochio and Matthew Wolf for the TIDE facility threat assessment tool that allows security professionals to more quickly and cost effectively evaluate threats to their facilities and identify threat-specific mitigation options;
• Vineeth Gattu for the ElectroCorrosion Toolkit™ that is the only testing protocol that predicts the corrosion behavior of materials under actual in-service conditions, enabling manufacturers to accurately evaluate and characterize their materials and coatings;
• Di-Jia Liu for a highly effective, efficient, and durable catalyst for electrochemical conversion of CO2 and water to value-added products;
• Pavan Balaji for Argobots, an extremely lightweight threading framework that achieves unprecedented performance, high flexibility, and scheduling customizability;
• Shabbir Ahmed for BatPaC, a battery performance and cost model;
• and Nate Evans for Software Defined Networking Multiple Operating System Rotational Environment—Moving-Target Defense (SMORE-MTD) to defend against cybersecurity attacks by using software-defined networking to manipulate network paths that service user requests.
The Advanced Photon Source is a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Ofﬁce of Science User Facility operated for the DOE Ofﬁce of Science by Argonne National Laboratory.
The U.S. Department of Energy's APS is one of the world’s most productive x-ray light source facilities. Each year, the APS provides high-brightness x-ray beams to a diverse community of more than 5,000 researchers in materials science, chemistry, condensed matter physics, the life and environmental sciences, and applied research. Researchers using the APS produce over 2,000 publications each year detailing impactful discoveries, and solve more vital biological protein structures than users of any other x-ray light source research facility. APS x-rays are ideally suited for explorations of materials and biological structures; elemental distribution; chemical, magnetic, electronic states; and a wide range of technologically important engineering systems from batteries to fuel injector sprays, all of which are the foundations of our nation’s economic, technological, and physical well-being.
Argonne National Laboratory seeks solutions to pressing national problems in science and technology. The nation's first national laboratory, Argonne conducts leading-edge basic and applied scientific research in virtually every scientific discipline. Argonne researchers work closely with researchers from hundreds of companies, universities, and federal, state and municipal agencies to help them solve their specific problems, advance America's scientific leadership and prepare the nation for a better future. With employees from more than 60 nations, Argonne is managed by UChicago Argonne, LLC, for the U.S. DOE Office of Science.