John M. “Jack” Carpenter of the APS Engineering Support Division (AES) at Argonne National Laboratory has been named a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) "for distinguished service to the materials sciences community by original innovation of pulsed spallation neutron sources and instrumentation for research using neutron scattering facilities." Also named as a AAAS Fellow was Walter Henning of the Argonne Physics Division (PHY), who was honored "for [his] vision in developing facilities for antiproton and heavy ion research and for his distinguished leadership of major scientific facilities both in the U.S. and Germany."
"Carpenter is known for being the originator of the technique for utilizing accelerator-induced intense pulses of neutrons for research,” said Argonne Distinguished Fellow John Schiffer (PHY), a colleague and longtime friend of Carpenter and Henning. “After the Argonne research reactor CP-5 and the high-energy accelerator Zero Gradient Synchrotron (ZGS) were both closed in 1979, Jack Carpenter developed the first-ever pulsed spallation neutron source from the injector of the former ZGS, ZING-P, which then led to the Intense Pulsed Neutron Source [IPNS, at Argonne] in 1981 and enabled the continuation of a broad range of neutron research, especially in materials science.”
Carpenter helped develop similar technology used in Japan, China, and several European countries, as well as the world’s most powerful spallation neutron source, the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. For his work, Carpenter received the Clifford G. Shull Prize in Neutron Science, awarded by the Neutron Scattering Society of America, in 2006.
Following a long and distinguished career at the IPNS, Carpenter is currently with the AES Division in the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science’s Advanced Photon Source at Argonne. He also consults at the SNS and is a Visiting Professor of Physics at Indiana University.
The American Association for the Advancement of Science is an international non-profit organization dedicated to advancing science around the world by serving as an educator, leader, spokesperson and professional association. The tradition of naming AAAS Fellows began in 1874.
This year 503 members have been awarded this honor by AAAS because of their scientifically or socially distinguished efforts to advance science or its applications. New Fellows will be presented with an official certificate and a gold and blue (representing science and engineering, respectively) rosette pin on Saturday, Feb. 19, from 8 to 10 a.m. at the AAAS Fellows Forum during the 2011 AAAS Annual Meeting in Washington, D.C.
The American Association for the Advancement of Science is the world’s largest general scientific society, and publisher of the journal, Science as well as Science Translational Medicine and Science Signaling. AAAS was founded in 1848, and includes 262 affiliated societies and academies of science, serving 10 million individuals. The non-profit AAAS is open to all and fulfills its mission to "advance science and serve society" through initiatives in science policy, international programs, science education and more.
The Advanced Photon Source at Argonne National Laboratory is one of five national synchrotron radiation light sources supported by the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences (DOE-BES). The APS is the source of the Western Hemisphere’s brightest high-energy x-ray beams for research in virtually every scientific discipline. More than 3,500 scientists representing universities, industry, and academic institutions from every U.S. state and several foreign nations visit the APS each year to carry out applied and basic research in support of the BES mission to understand, predict, and ultimately control matter and energy at the electronic, atomic, and molecular levels in order to provide the foundations for new energy technologies and to support DOE missions in energy, environment, and national security. To learn more about the Office of Basic Energy Sciences and its x-ray user facilities.
Argonne National Laboratory seeks solutions to pressing national problems in science and technology. The nation's first national laboratory, Argonne conducts leading-edge basic and applied scientific research in virtually every scientific discipline. Argonne researchers work closely with researchers from hundreds of companies, universities, and federal, state and municipal agencies to help them solve their specific problems, advance America's scientific leadership and prepare the nation for a better future. With employees from more than 60 nations, Argonne is managed by UChicago Argonne, LLC for the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science.