The Advanced Photon Source
a U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science User Facility

Infrastructure

Infrastructure

1-ID-A is a first optics enclosure (FOE) which houses the front-end separation window, white-beam filter, white-beam slits, high-energy monochromator, white-beam stop, and monochromatic-beam shutter. The equipment in this station is permanent and, generally, does not change from experiment to experiment.

1-ID-B is an experimental station that can take either white beam or monochromatic beam from 1-ID-A. It can be used for experiments, but it is most often used to condition the x-rays prior to transmission to 1-ID-C/E using refractive lenses and/or a high-resolution monochromator.

1-ID-C and 1-ID-E are the primary experimental stations on the 1-ID beamline, with approximate sizes (L x W x H) of 7 x 4 x 3.3 m3 and 10 x 5 x 4 m3, respectively.Only monochromatic beam can be transmitted to these hutches.

1ID major component list
Component Distance from straight section (m) Comments
Undulator A -1.3 72 poles, 3.3cm period, 2.4m length, 10.9mm min gap
DS Undulator 1.3 102 poles, 2.3cm period, 2.4m length, 11mm min gap
1-ID-A hutch 24.4-32.4  
Front end seperator window 24.8 500 um thick Be.
Filters 25.7 Two banks of graphite, thickness' to 2mm.
White beam slits (L1) 26.9  
High-energy monochromator 29 Two Si (111) bent crystals, LN2 cooling, 42<E<136 keV, 33mm offset,dE/E~8e-4
1-ID-B hutch 32.4-40.5  
High-resolution monochromator 33.5 Four Si (111) (+--+), no cooling, dE/E~1e-4, used in addition to HE mono.
CRL 33 Image distance==infinite
Si sawtooth lens 33 Vertical only, 0.2mm tooth height
Si sawtooth lens 38 Vertical only, 0.2mm tooth height
1-ID-C hutch 56.5-63.5 Nominal sample position 58m
1-ID-E hutch 66-76 Nominal sample position 70m
Si sawtooth lens 68 Vertical only, 0.1mm tooth height

Area detectors widely used at 1-ID are given below. The APS detector pool has additional detectors which can be browsed and requested.

Throughout the beamlines, ion-chambers and PIN diodes are situated to provide (semi) continuous monitoring of the direct x-ray beam intensity.In addition, hutches are equipped with a variety of visible-light cameras which can be used to remotely view the experiment.

Detector # Pixels Pixel pitch (um) Max frame rate (hz) ADU Use at beamline

GE-41RT (4x)

2048x2048
 (1024x1024)

200 (400) 7(30) 14-bit Wide-angle scattering/ diffraction, 4 can be used as'Hydra' array
Retiga 4000DC (2x) 2048x2048 (binning to 8x8) 7.4 4 12-bit Tomography and near-field diffraction detectors
ScintX DXI-11000R 4024x2680 (2012x1340) 9 (18) 3 (6) 12-bit Primarily SAXS
Prosilica GX2750 2750x2200 4.54 19 14-bit Sample alignment and 2D digital image correlation

Available load frames are listed, all of which can be manipulated on stages with respect to the x-ray beam for in-situ studies.In conjunction with users, additional environments (e.g. liquid, inert gas) have been developed which are compatible with one or more of the load frames.For the MTS additional specialized inserts have been constructed to allow for in-grip rotation, and these are listed as well.

There are hundreds of stages used throughout the 1-ID beamline.Default stacks comprising sample manipulation systems in the 1-ID-E hutch are listed below:

Aerotech stack: this sits on an optical table with Y1 (+-25mm) and 2-axis tilt adjustment capability.

Stage Manufacturer Model Load capacity Range Resolution Comments
A-X1 THK     25mm 5um  
A-Z1 THK     25mm 5um  
A-RY Aerotech ABRS-300MP 97 kg (45N-m) 360deg 0.174urad air-bearing
A-X2* Kozhu          
A-Z2* Kozhu          
A-Y2* Kozhu          
A-RX* Kozhu          
A-RZ* Kozhu          

Available furnaces include

Specialized equipment includes

  • Conical slits
  • Fast shutters
  • Battery cycler, Maccor 4200

Summary of infrastructure and experimental technique compatibility

Setup (*= user ready; ** = some R&D; *** = significant R&D) Stimulus Capability X-ray experiment technique compatibility Remarks / Items to check with MPE staff before submitting your proposal
APS compact load frame (CLF)* 1000 N tension compression
some cyclic loading in displacement control (1 - 2 Hz max)
FF-HEDM (with some shadowing from posts)
VFF-HEDM (with some shadowing from posts)
SAXS/WAXS (with some shadowing from posts)
SAXS/WAXS with the 50 mm conical slits
Tomography (with some shadowing from posts & favorable for phase contrast tomography)
check grips / sample geometry
ANL NE CLF - Meimei Li ** 1000 N tension compression FF-HEDM (with some shadowing from posts)
VFF-HEDM (with some shadowing from posts)
SAXS/WAXS (with some shadowing from posts)
Tomography (with some shadowing from posts & favorable for phase contrast tomography)
check grips / sample geometry
MTS * 15 kN tension compression
cyclic loading in displacement or load control (10 Hz max)
SAXS/WAXS (with limited rotation)
Radiography
check grips / sample geometry
MTS + ANL NE vacuum furnace for radioactive materials ** 2.5 kN tension compression
cyclic loading in displacement or load control (2 Hz max)
Furnace capabilities (1200oC max at 1.3 mPa)
SAXS/WAXS (with limited rotation)
Radiography
check grips / sample geometry
RAMS1 ** 1000 N tension compression
cyclic loading in displacement or load control (10 Hz max)
FF-HEDM, NF-HEDM, VFF-HEDM, SAXS/WAXS, Tomography needs MTS / check grips / sample geometry
RAMS3 *** 2000 N tension compression FF-HEDM, NF-HEDM, VFF-HEDM, SAXS/WAXS, Tomography check with AFRL / MPE staff
Linkam TS1500 'microscope' stage * 1000 deg C up to 100 deg C/min rate
controllable cooling rate
SAXS/WAXS check with MPE staff
IR furnace * 1000 deg C up to 100 deg C/min rate
cooling rate somewhat controllable
FF-HEDM
VFF-HEDM
SAXS/WAXS
Tomography (favorable for phase contrast tomography)
 
RF furnace ** 1000+ deg C up to 100 deg C/min rate
cooling rate somewhat controllable
FF-HEDM
VFF-HEDM
SAXS/WAXS
Tomography (favorable for phase contrast tomography)
Need to design sample holder / susceptor
Temperature monitor (typical thermocouple does not work well)
03.08.2019