APS User News-at-a-Glance
Issue 57, September 17, 2009
1. Science & Research Highlights
- Chemists Reach from the Molecular to the Real World with Creation of 3-D DNA Crystals
- Boron-based Compounds Trick a Biomedical Protein
- Cockroaches Advance Student's Study of Ancient Life
3. XOR/XSD Visiting Scientist Program Offered
4. APS Beam Time Access System
5. Partner User Proposals Offer Options for Long-term Beam Time
6. Launch of Redesigned APS Beamline Directory
7. Workshop: On-line Brillouin Spectroscopy at GSECARS, September 23-25, 2009
8. FiberNet/BioCAT Fiber Diffraction Workshop Coming This Fall
9. Beamline Scientist Position Offered
10. APS Workout Area Relocating
AWARDS AND HONORS
11. Russell Hemley Receives 2009 Bridgman Award
12. Argonne 's Robert Von Dreele Receives 2009 Barrett Award
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New XSD Division Director Named
I am delighted to announce that Linda Young, a leader in the field of Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, has accepted the position of Division Director for the X-Ray Science Division (XSD). Linda is a graduate of MIT and holds a PhD in Chemical Physics from Berkeley. Linda is a very active user of light sources including the Advanced Photon Source (APS) and the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS). She currently holds a position as a group leader in the Chemical Science and Engineering Division at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), and is also an Argonne Distinguished Fellow--the highest technical rank at ANL.
Linda brings to the division director position an outstanding research reputation and an enthusiastic vision for the future of APS. She is keen to engage in APS strategic planning before she starts full time on January 1, 2010. Her research group, in which Linda will continue to maintain a role, will move to the APS. Please join me in congratulating Linda and supporting her transition into XSD.
I wish to thank Mark Beno for his interim leadership of the division and George Srajer for his outstanding work as Associate Division Director for X-Ray Operations and Research. Linda has asked them both to continue to play leadership roles in the XSD management team.
This month we’re offering you links to highlights available at lightsources.org made possible in part by data collected at APS beamlines.
Chemists Reach from the Molecular to the Real World with Creation of 3-D DNA Crystals
New York University chemists have created three-dimensional DNA structures, a breakthrough bridging the molecular world to the world where we live. The work, reported in the latest issue of the journal Nature, also has a range of potential industrial and pharmaceutical applications, such as the creation of nanoelectronic components and the organization of drug receptor targets to enable illumination of their 3-D structures. More….
Boron-based Compounds Trick a Biomedical Protein
Chemists and biologists have successfully demonstrated that specially synthesized boron compounds are readily accepted in biologically active enzymes, a move that, they say, is a proof of concept that could lead to new drug design strategies. More….
Cockroaches Advance Student’s Study of Ancient Life
Have you ever seen a three-foot dragonfly? Where such gigantic insects once dominated earth, now only diminutive cousins remain. What created these differences? Elyse Munoz, a junior majoring in biology in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, had the rare opportunity to directly investigate this question over the summer, while participating in cutting-edge research in the lab of physiologist Jon Harrison. More….
A new memorandum of understanding (MOU) was signed on August 27, 2009, to officially welcome the Intermediate Energy X-ray Collaborative Development Team, or IEX-CDT, to sector 29 at the APS. The IEX-CDT Director is Juan C. Campuzano (Argonne's Materials Science Division), the Associate Director is Peter Abbamonte (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign), and the Project Director is Mohan Ramanathan (Advanced Photon Source).
Prominent research scientists--either theorists or experimentalists--are being invited to participate in the Visitor Program offered by the X-ray Operations and Research and X-ray Science Division (XOR/XSD) groups at the Advanced Photon Source. The goal of the program is to establish long-term collaborations (up to six months in residence at the APS) that will complement existing scientific programs in XOR/XSD or lay the groundwork for new research initiatives.
XOR/XSD groups can submit proposals to apply for funding (which may be partial or full) for review by the program screening committee. The proposal package will be judged on its scientific merit and its potential contribution to the mission of the APS and the Visitor Program. The next deadline for submissions is March 1, 2010. Details about submitting a proposal can be found at the XOR/XSD Visiting Scientist Program website. (Administrative contact: Katie Ostry, firstname.lastname@example.org.)
This article is the second in a series highlighting the features of the new APS Beam Time Access System. The first article provided an overview of the system and the changes users can expect as the system is implemented. This article reiterates the overall goal of the system, which is to associate every scheduled beam time with a proposal, beam time request, and safety assessment form in order to fully comply with DOE requests for detailed information and integrate the work processes for beam time requests, reviews, safety assessments, and scheduling. The system will enable beamline administrators to schedule on line, publish real-time schedules at various levels of detail (as appropriate) for users and staff, and provide real-time data for reporting purposes.
New Portal for Beam Time Requests
Beginning in September, General Users and those users in the pilot program requesting beam time will see a new initial portal. Once the pilot program is completed, this portal will be used as the starting point for all users (Partner Users, CAT members, and CAT and APS staff, as well as General Users) to either submit a new proposal and beam time request (BTR) or submit a BTR against an existing active proposal.
For the first time, Partner Users will be able to submit proposals and request beam time through a Web interface. Pull-down menus will streamline data entry, and proposal reviews can be viewed on line, as is the case now for General User proposals. Currently active Partner User proposals (PUPs) will be automatically entered into the system and Principal Investigators for these PUPs will be sent detailed instructions for beam time requests.
CAT members, CAT staff, and APS staff will also need to create proposals, but depending on the CAT or beamline, blanket (non-expiring) proposals may be sufficient. Future requests for beam time can then be made against these proposals. If you fall in this category, your CAT or beamline administration will let you know what to do.
First Phase: the Pilot Program
Beamlines participating in the pilot program (also beginning September) will begin to use a new scheduling interface in tandem with the central proposal submission process. For these beamlines, all beam time (GUP, PUP, CAT member, CAT staff, APS staff) must be requested through this system. If you have questions, contact the beamline administrator or Susan Strasser, APS User Office.
The following beamlines are participating in the pilot program:
|XOR/UNI||33-ID-D, E / 34-ID-C, E / 33-BM-C||Paul Zschack|
|XOR||2-BM-B / 32-ID-B, C||Francesco De Carlo|
|LS-CAT||21-ID-D / 21-ID-E / 21-ID-F / 21-ID-G||Keith Brister|
|BioCARS||14-ID-B / 14-BM-C||Robert Henning|
|SBC-CAT||19-ID-D / 19-BM-D||Stephan Ginell|
|GSECARS||13-BM-C / 13-BM-D / 13-ID-C, D||Mark Rivers|
|NE-CAT||24-ID-C / 24-ID-E||Cyndi Salbego|
|ChemMatCARS||15-ID-B, C, D||Katie Tietz|
Beam time requests for run 2010-1 (proposals and BTRs due October 30, 2009) from users requesting time on pilot program beamlines will be managed via the new scheduling system. Beamline administrators will be able to create and modify schedules that may be viewable on line by users as allowed by individual beamlines.
The use of the new scheduling interface will be expanded to all beamlines once the pilot program has been successfully tested. Please watch for future articles in User News for additional details.
With this article, we begin a series that will look at the role of Partner Users at the APS. In this issue, we begin with an overview of the program; future issues will focus on specific proposals that have had a broad impact on how science is done at the APS.
The Partner User program is designed to accommodate defined research activities that need predictable access to significant amounts of beam time in which to develop new capabilities or new user communities. The work must ultimately benefit the broader community of General Users, for example through development of a technique or instrument that will continue to be used at the APS.
Prospective Partner Users can compete for up to 30% of the total available user time on a beamline for up to three years. Any APS-operated beamline that offers 80% of its beam time to General Users is open to Partner User proposals (PUPs). For the 2010-1 proposal cycle, these beamlines (1-BM, 1-ID, 2-BM, 2-ID-B, 2-ID-D, 2-ID-E, 3-ID, 4-ID-C, 4-ID-D, 6-ID, 7-ID, 8-ID, 9-BM, 9-ID, 11-BM-B, 11-ID-B, 11-ID-C, 11-ID-D, 12-BM , 12-ID, 20-BM, 20-ID, 30-ID, 32-ID, 33-BM, 33-ID, and 34-ID) have less than 30% of their time committed to PUPs and are open for new proposals.
Since the program began in 2003, 84 proposals have been submitted with 41 accepted for beam time (a few of which were continuations); 24 of these have now been completed. Abstracts of all current and completed PUPs are posted online.
Proposals are considered three times a year; the deadline is the same as that for General User proposals, or GUPs (next deadline: October 30, 2009 for run 2010-1). In conjunction with the move to a central process for scheduling beam time, limited-scope PUPs will be submitted through a web interface very similar to that used for GUPs. Larger scale projects, for example construction or refurbishment of a beamline itself, require a letter of intent (LOI). These LOIs can be submitted at any time via e-mail to email@example.com. Specific instructions for LOI submission can be found in the policy and procedures governing user access.
Each proposal is reviewed by the appropriate General User Proposal Review Panel, which considers it in relation to the overall pool of GUPs in the same area, because approval of a PUP necessarily limits the time available to General Users. The proposal is also reviewed by a subcommittee of the Scientific Advisory Committee. In the end, APS management makes the decision whether to award time. Under the new central scheduling procedure, approved Partner Users will submit requests for beam time for each run cycle through the online system (see article #4 in this issue).
More details are given in the policy and procedures governing user access, including the definition of the Partner User program (p. 8) and general procedures for submitting Partner User proposals (p. 13). The main PUP web page is available under User Information/Scientific Access/Partner Users from the APS web site.
A new and improved version of the APS beamline directory has been launched on the APS web site. For each beamline, information on research disciplines, techniques, energy ranges, operator, and operational status is listed. Searches for beamlines can be filtered by discipline, technique, or both! Searches can be performed using your choice of eight scientific disciplines (physics, materials science, chemistry, life sciences, environmental science, geoscience, polymer science, and atomic physics) and any of 64 different techniques! The table will automatically narrow down results and the display appropriate beamlines based on search parameters. The table also has active links to each beamline’s descriptive web page (which includes information about beamline controls and data acquisition systems, detectors, other equipment, contact information, and beamline specs) as well as a link to the operator’s home page.
The new site continues to offer the interactive beamline maps, a primer on APS synchrotron techniques, a sector directory, and links to the facility status and schedule page as well as the safety and training page.
The technique of combining Brillouin spectroscopy with high-resolution x-ray diffraction (XRD) techniques provides the ability to perform simultaneous measurements of velocities and elastic moduli (by Brillouin spectroscopy) and the volume/density (by XRD), independent of any pressure standard. This exciting topic will be covered in this workshop held at the Advanced Photon Source. Please visit the workshop web page for further details.
The FiberNet/BioCAT Fiber Diffraction Workshop will be held October 15-17, 2009, at the Advanced Photon Source. Program, speaker, registration, and accommodation information can be found on the workshop’s web site.
Sector 34 is seeking candidates for a beamline scientist position for x-ray micro-beam diffraction and spatially resolved diffraction microscopy work. Interested parties can find details about the job description and how to apply at Argonne Careers Job Search, requisition number 314988. (Contact: Paul Zschack, Surface Scattering and Microdiffraction Group, X-ray Science Division)
The fitness/workout area currently located near the Gallery on the lower level of building 402 is being relocated to building 200 K-wing. The new gym is expected to open in early November and will be fully available to APS users. The gym will be open from 6 a.m. to 7 p.m. Monday through Friday with no special security or key card access required. Watch the next issue of User News for further details.
AWARDS AND HONORS
Congratulations to Russell Hemley, director of Carnegie's Geophysical Laboratory, on being awarded the 2009 Bridgman Award. The award is presented by the International Association for the Advancement of High Pressure Science and Technology in recognition for his outstanding work in high-pressure and high-temperature research. The High Pressure Collaborative Access Team (HP-CAT, sector 16) at the APS is a member-supported organization operated by the Geophysical Laboratory.
More details about the award and Dr. Hemley’s work can be found here.
The International Centre for Diffraction Data’s 2009 Barrett Award was presented to Robert Von Dreele, senior physicist at the APS. The award was given at the 58th Annual Denver X-ray Conference. Many congratulations to Bob on this prestigious award.
--Pacifichem 2010 Symposium
The 2010 International Chemical Congress of Pacific Basin Societies (Pacifichem) conference is being held in Honolulu, HI, December 15-20, 2010. Further details are available on the conference web site.
--Is Your Badge Expiring Soon?
If your badge is expired or about to expire, you need to register again with the APS User Office. Expired badges do not permit you access to Argonne National Laboratory. Please note that a reservation at the Guest House does not automatically grant you access to the Laboratory site; you must have either an active user badge or a current gate pass.
--Save the Date: Small-angle X-ray Scattering Short Course
The APS small-angle scattering (SAS) special interest group is planning the next SAS short course "Beyond RG" for March 28-31, 2010. Please check the group’s web page for more details as they become available
--Surveys Coming Your Way
If you worked at the APS as a user during the past fiscal year, you will soon be receiving a survey via e-mail. This survey is an important tool for gathering your feedback about your work experiences at the APS. Questions will cover topics such as accelerator operations and user support. The data collected is an important component in future planning and development at the APS.
A second survey will be sent out later this fall to a random selection of APS users (as well as users from NSLS, SNS, and HFIR) from an outside consulting firm charged with surveying users to assess their awareness of the complementary nature of neutron and x-ray research techniques. The results of this survey will enable these institutions to plan collaboratively toward the goal of providing users with the best possible resources for their research. Please take some time to complete these surveys--your input is very valuable to us.