APS User News-at-a-Glance Issue 33: August 25, 2005
Advanced Photon Source www.aps.anl.gov


1. Recent Highlights
---Characterizing Complete Metal-Cluster Proteins
---"Cookbook Recipes" Would Cure Disease with Nontoxic DNA Delivery Systems
---Other Science Headlines
2. September Workshops Probe New Directions in Catalysis, Surface/Interface Science
3. Three APS Employees Win R&D 100 Award for Nanoprobe Lens
4. Magazine Ranks Illinois Highest for Biotechnology
5. Getting Noticed: Your Press Releases Can Help the APS Too
6. APS Science 2004 and Strategic Plan Report Now Available

7. Work Beginning on Initial XOR Beamline Upgrades
8. GM/CA-CAT Dedicates Dual-Undulator Beamlines at Sector 23
9. Partner User Council Adopts New Charter and Elects Chair
10. APSUO Elects Vice-Chair/Users Meeting Chair
11. Planning Begins for 2006 Users Meeting--Especially Workshops
12. Proposal Deadlines Set for 2006 Beam Time
13. Staff Transitions in the User Office

14. Operating Schedule Published for Run 2006-1
15. Reliability Continues High

---Reminders for non-U.S. citizens and their collaborators
---Argonne/University of Chicago shuttle schedule changed


Instructions for subscribing, unsubscribing, and submitting info:


1. Recent Science Highlights

The following are the most recent science highlights posted on the APS home page, http://www.aps.anl.gov.

Characterizing Complex Metal-Cluster Proteins

An article on the application of nuclear resonance vibrational spectroscopy (NRVS) to the study of complex metal-cluster proteins is featured on the cover of Inorganic Chemistry. This work shows NRVS to be especially useful for observing the low-frequency motions of Fe-S clusters in proteins, which are obscured or not readily visible by other methods. These clusters are of great interest due to their potential use as molecular switches that might be used to regulate protein biosynthesis or enzyme stability. Further valuable applications of NRVS may lie in the study of Fe-S clusters at redox levels that have been beyond the reach of resonance Raman spectroscopy.

"Cookbook Recipes" Would Cure Disease with Nontoxic DNA Delivery Systems

Scientists studying the structure and interaction of negatively charged lipids and DNA molecules have created a "cookbook" for a class of nontoxic DNA delivery systems that will assist doctors and clinicians in the safe and effective delivery of genetic medicine.

Other Science Headlines

These stories have been posted in the last few months.

2. September Workshops Probe New Directions in Catalysis, Surface/Interface Science

Two workshops are being held in September to introduce current APS capabilities and assess needs for supporting and expanding the respective research communities: In situ Characterization of Surface and Interface Structures and Processes (September 8-9) and Workshop on Catalysis Research at the APS (September 12-13).


3. Three APS Employees Win R&D 100 Award for Nanoprobe Lens

Three APS employees have won an R&D Magazine award for developing new multilayer lens wafers for x-ray lenses that will help focus x-ray beams to the nanometer scale. The winners were Chian Liu, Raymond Conley, and Albert Macrander, all part of the Optics Fabrication and Metrology Group in the Experimental Facilities Division. The lenses were made for the nanoprobe beamline at sector 26. The focusing lens, called a linear Fresnel lens, is made up of 728 individual layers grown on a one-inch diameter silicon substrate. In recent testing, a lens successfully focused to a spot less than 30 nanometers in diameter, and the technology is expected to achieve a 10-nanometer spot.

The Optics Fabrication and Metrology Group works with beamline staff and users to characterize and fabricate x-ray optics for APS beamlines. Many of their services are provided free of charge to users and staff. Raw materials for optics are available on a cost recovery basis.

Contact: Al Macrander, macrander@aps.anl.gov
Group info: http://www.aps.anl.gov/xfd/optics/Group_Brochure.pdf

4. Magazine Ranks Illinois Highest for Biotechnology

In another strong indication of the emerging bioscience industry throughout the state, Business Facilities Magazine's July edition ranked Illinois the top state in the nation for biotechnology. Argonne National Laboratory and the Advanced Photon Source were mentioned as core facilities contributing to the ranking.

5. Getting Noticed: Your Press Releases Can Help the APS Too

Support for the APS and other synchrotron light sources is inextricably entwined with effective communication of the innovative and important science carried out by you and your colleagues. News articles based on press releases from user institutions are a highly effective way of communicating with the broadest possible audience. But to be most effective, press releases and news stories about light source research must take note of synchrotron radiation research in general, the APS, Argonne National Laboratory, and the Department of Energy. We encourage you to talk about your research with the public affairs office at your home institution. And whenever your home institution prepares a press release based on research that you conducted at the APS, we hope you will do your best to insure that the APS, Argonne, the DOE, and synchrotron radiation science are mentioned. If you or your publicity office need any assistance from the APS or Argonne in preparing press releases, please do not hesitate to contact Richard Fenner (fenner@aps.anl.gov, 630-252-5280). Please also notify Richard Fenner when you are aware of an impending press release based on your research; this notice will help us promote your achievements, and ours.

Contact: Richard Fenner, fenner@aps.anl.gov, 630-252-5280

6. APS Science 2004 and Strategic Plan Report Now Available

The latest annual report, APS Science 2004, is now available on the web, or on CD by request. (Those of you who attended the User Meeting already have your copy, on the free memory stick.) In addition to the usual science highlights and facility reports, this year's report includes a summary of the strategic planning process conducted in the summer and fall of 2004. A more detailed report, "Five-Year Scientific Vision for the APS" (about 30 pages long), is also available by request. To request either of these documents, please send an email with your mailing address to Marlene Nowotarski at apsinfo@aps.anl.gov.


7. Work Beginning on Initial XOR Beamline Upgrades

As reported in recent issues of User News, the X-ray Operations and Research (XOR) Section of the APS Experimental Facilities Divsion is planning to construct or rebuild a number of beamlines in the next five years to take advantage of opportunities to produce new world-leading capabilities at the APS. This summer, XOR has begun to implement several of the highest priority capabilities. The following are some highlights of the three upgrades selected for initial implementation.

Upgrade to Sector 32 --The Sector 32 upgrade project aims to create a dedicated full-field x-ray imaging facility at the APS for a growing and diverse multidisciplinary user community and to develop advanced x-ray imaging techniques that will allow cutting-edge research. During Phase 1, which began this summer, we are upgrading 32-ID-B for early implementation of phase-contrast imaging, tomography, topography, USAXS, and USAXS imaging. Phase 2 will see the construction of 32-ID-C at 75 m and the installation of instrumentation for advanced full-field imaging. (Contact: Qun Shen, qshen@aps.anl.gov)

Upgrade to Beamline 12-ID -- The objective of the upgrade at 12-ID is to create a dedicated beamline with as many as three simultaneously operational stations for small-angle x-ray scattering. When this facility is completed, the APS will provide SAXS, time-resolved-SAXS, and USAXS users with high-quality facilities second to none in the world. During phase 1, which also began this summer, we are designing, constructing, and installing a side-reflection monochromator to separate the ID x-ray beam into two beams. During phase 2, we will build and install a second undulator and a second monochromator so that three independent stations can operate simultaneously. The surface and interface research done on 12-ID-D will continue until a new location for this research is identified and developed. (Contact: Mark Beno, beno@anl.gov)

Upgrade to Beamline 1-ID -- The objectives of this project are to build two high-energy x-ray stations dedicated to high-brilliance x-ray scattering measurements on beamline 1-ID. Activities in the first year will include removing equipment for low-energy x-ray imaging, fabricating ancillary support equipment, upgrading white-beam filters, rearranging components, and procuring a dedicated table for 3D x-ray diffraction in the first year. In the second and third years, two new white-beam stations will be constructed. In the final phase of this project, a permanent magnet undulator and a superconducting undulator will be installed. The APS is ideally suited to support high-energy x-ray science in the 35 keV to 150 keV range. This project will result in the realization of unique x-ray experimental capabilities of great benefit to users of the APS. (Contact: Dean Haeffner, haeffner@aps.anl.gov)

General contact: Gabrielle Long, gglong@aps.anl.gov
XOR Tactical Plan Rev. 10a (June 27, 2005): http://www.aps.anl.gov/Future/Reports/

8. GM/CA-CAT Dedicates Dual-Undulator Beamlines at Sector 23

At a recent ceremony, representatives of the General medical Sciences and Cancer Institutes Collaborative Access Team (GM/CA-CAT) and the Advanced Photon Source dedicated three beamlines at sector 23. One beamline will be available for users beginning with the first run in calendar year 2006. Sector 23 is the first to operate a dual canted undulator, a technology that creates two beamlines in the space usually occupied by one. The GM/CA-CAT facility also exploits the latest technology to create smaller, more intense x-ray beams to capture data from hard-to-study biomolecules. The dedication was reported in Chemical and Engineering News (June 29) and R&D Magazine (July issue).

More info: http://www.anl.gov/news-room/News/2005/GM-CA-CAT050819.html
Media coverage: http://www.aps.anl.gov/News/APS_News/2005/
GM/CA-CAT home page: http://www.gmca.aps.anl.gov/home.shtml

9. Partner User Council Adopts New Charter and Elects Chair

At their most recent meeting on July 15, the Partner User Council (PUC) adopted a new charter and elected a new chair. The new charter, which can be found at http://www.aps.anl.gov/About/Committees/Partner_Users_Council/charter.htm, clearly defines the requirements for PUC membership, establishes an Executive Committee, specifies a 2-year term of office for the Chair, and establishes the new office of Vice-Chair, with the expectation that the person in this office will become the new Chair. The entire membership will meet at least annually, with quarterly meetings specified for the Executive Committee.

Bruce Bunker of Notre Dame, director of MR-CAT, was elected Chair; a Vice-chair will be elected at the November 11, 2005, meeting of the Executive Committee. Jim Viccaro, outgoing Chair and Director of CARS, will remain on the Executive Committee

Contact: Susan Strasser, strasser@aps.anl.gov

10. APSUO Elects Vice-Chair /Users Meeting Chair

At their July 14 meeting, the APS Users Organization Steering Committee elected Gene Ice of Oak Ridge National Laboratory as their new vice-chair. He will take the lead in organizing the scientific portion of the 2006 Users Meeting, and at the end of that meeting he will succeed Carol Thompson as steering committee chair.

APSUO bio: http://aps.anl.gov/About/Committees/APS_Users_Organization/Members/ice.htm
Oak Ridge bio: http://www.ornl.gov/info/awards/cf/cfcitations/cfbios/ice.shtml

11. Planning Begins for 2006 Users Meeting--Especially Workshops

It seems way too early to think about next year's meeting, but it really isn't. Make this your meeting: Give it some thought and tell a committee member your ideas. In particular, we'd like everyone to start thinking about workshop suggestions, APSUO nominations, and nominations for the Rosalind Franklin Young Investigator Award.

As a reminder, the Franklin Award is awarded biannually, alternating with the Compton Award. It recognizes an important technical or scientific accomplishment by a young investigator that depended on, or is beneficial to, the APS. The award is open to senior graduate students and those whose Ph.D. was awarded no more than two years prior to nomination. The nomination packages will be due in early 2006.

The organizing committee consists of Gene Ice (chair), Keith Brister, Thomas Gog, and Ward Smith. The members of the nominating committee for next year's APSUO elections are Stephan Ginell (chair), Thomas Gog, Tim Graber, and David Reis.

General contact: Gene Ice, icege@ornl.gov
Contact information for the Steering Committee members:

12. Proposal Deadlines Set for 2006 Beam Time

The next deadline for the General and Partner User proposals is Friday, November 4, 2005. This deadline is for beam time in Run 2006-1, which begins February 1 and ends April 24, 2006. Deadlines have also been set for the remainder of calendar year 2006.

GUP calendar:
General User Program:
Partner User Program:

13. Staff Transitions in the User Office

July marked a major transition for the APS User Office: our office manager Darlene O'Malley departed July 15 to pursue her new career as a full-time mom to her year-old daughter Morgan. We're grateful to Darlene for her hard work and dedication through almost 6 years in the User Office and more than 10 years total at the APS.

Our new office manager is Lori Moore, who has been working closely with Darlene in the User Office since January 2003. You can reach Lori at 630-252-8152 or lmoore@aps.anl.gov; Darlene's phone number and email will also remain valid for a transition period.

We have also said a reluctant good-bye to Gloria Pereda, who assisted with processing foreign visits and assignments for the past three-and-a-half years.

These changes will necessitate some shifting of responsibilities, so you may be hearing from different people about different things than you have in the past. Please remember that you can always call 630-252-9090 or write to apsuser@aps.anl.gov and your question will be directed to the right person.


14. Operating Schedule Published for Run 2006-1

The operating schedule for Run 2006-1 (February 1-April 24, 2006) has been decided. Questions may be directed to John Quintana, APS Operations Division, at 630-252-6716.

Current schedule: http://www.aps.anl.gov/Facility/Schedule/schedule_2006.htm

15. Reliability Continues High

The APS operations team continues to provide extremely high reliability. Run 2005-2 has seen an exceptional stretch of 327.62 hours without a fault. In other words, two solid weeks of scheduled beam time was delivered without unplanned interruption.

For fiscal year 2005 so far (Runs 2004-3 and 2005-1), scheduled beam as available to users 98.7% of the time, with an average of 105 hours between faults. Of the scheduled 3210.3 hours of beam, 3167.8 hours were delivered.


Reminders for non-U.S. citizens and their collaborators

Please write to our Foreign Visits and Assignments Specialist, Sharon Fisher (slfisher@aps.anl.gov), with any questions about access for non-U.S. citizens. Some recent incidents have reminded us to remind you:

Argonne/University of Chicago shuttle schedule changed

A free shuttle bus makes round trips every workday between Argonne National Laboratory and The University of Chicago. However, the shuttle does not run on laboratory holidays. If you use the shuttle, please note that the schedule changed as of July 26.

Information and schedule: http://www.anl.gov/Visiting/shuttle.html


Regularly scheduled technical meetings -- http://www.aps.anl.gov/News/Meetings/
Proposal system -- http://beam.aps.anl.gov/pls/apsweb/gup0005.start_page
Ops. Monthly meetings -- http://www.aps.anl.gov/News/Meetings/Monthly_Meetings/
User calendar (admin. meetings, reviews) -- http://www.aps.anl.gov/Users/General_Reference/Calendar/

*New entry since last issue

August 25 End of Run 2005-2
September 14 APS/Users' Operations Monthly Meeting
September 15 Review - Sector 6 (MU-CAT)
September 16 Review - Sector 9 (CMC/XOR)
October 4 Start of Run 2005-3
*October 12 APS/Users' Operations Monthly Meeting
October 17 Review - Sector 5 (DND-CAT)
October 18 Review - Sector 8-BM and 24 (NE-CAT)
November 3 APSUO Steering Committee Meeting
*November 4 General/Partner User proposal deadline, Run 2006-1
*November 9 APS/Users' Operations Monthly Meeting
November 11 Partner User Council Meeting
*November 17 Proposal Review Panel Meeting
*December 6 Beamtime Allocation Committee Meeting
December 21 End of Run 2005-3
January 24-26 Scientific Advisory Committee meeting
January 25 Cross-Cut Review meeting (topic TBD)
*February 1 Start of Run 2006-1
*March 10 General/Partner User proposal deadline, Run 2006-2
*April 24 End of Run 2006-1
May 1-6 2006 Users Meeting
*July 14 General/Partner User proposal deadline, Run 2006-3
May 7-11 2007 Users Meeting