APS User News-at-a-Glance
Issue 29: January 24, 2005
  1. APS Community Mourns Howard Birnbaum, Long-time Friend and Advisor
  2. Message from Murray : Scientific Strategic Plan Nearing Completion
  3. Cross-cut review on January 26: Science requiring the pulsed structure of the APS x-ray beam
  4. Research highlight: In situ kinetics study reveals a key to consistent self-assembly of nanocrystal superlattices
  5. Users Meeting May 2-6 celebrates anniversary, beginning
  6. Mail-in crystallography program introduced for general users
  7. General User update: More beamlines, extra beam time, next deadline
  8. Users invited to support accelerator research through American Physical Society
  9. People news: New leadership in accelerator operations, x-ray microscopy, and ESH/QA; Joanne Day retiring in March
  10. Administrative dates and deadlines

1. APS Community Mourns Howard Birnbaum, Long-time Friend and Advisor

We have just learned that Howard Birnbaum passed away unexpectedly in the early hours of Monday, January 24. At present we have no further information. Dr. Birnbaum was a founding member and chair of the APS Proposal Evaluation Board (later the Program Evaluation Board) and its successor, the Scientific Advisory Committee (SAC), serving from 1989 to the present. He had just decided to step down and was to have received special recognition for his long service at the SAC meeting this week. In this advisory capacity, Howard played a major role in shaping the direction of the APS by his thoughtful recommendations and strategic vision. The APS and the entire materials research and synchrotron communities will greatly miss his wit and wisdom.

Dr. Birnbaum's research interests involved physical metallurgy, the physics and mechanical properties of solids, dislocation theory, hydrogen in solids, interstitial diffusion, and hydrogen embrittlement. He was the Director Emeritus of the Materials Research Laboratory, at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. In 1988, he was elected to the National Academy of Engineering for his exceptional work on the effect of hydrogen and hydrogen embrittlement on the properties of metal. In 2002 Dr. Birnbaum received the Materials Research Society's highest honor, the Von Hippel Award; a photo and brief biography associated with that award are at http://www.mrs.org/meetings/fall2002/program/awards.html.

2. Message from Murray : Scientific Strategic Plan Nearing Completion
(Contact: Murray Gibson, jmgibson@aps.anl.gov )

Happy New Year! This will be a pivotal year for APS, since we are nearing the end of extensive strategic planning emerging from the series of “Future Scientific Directions for the APS” workshops held last year. I again wish to thank the attendees and organizers of these workshops, and especially the study chairs, Gopal Shenoy and Sunil Sinha, for providing a broad view of the scientific excitement ahead. A draft of a Scientific Strategic Plan for the APS will be discussed with the APS Scientific Advisory Committee (SAC) this week. The plan identifies compelling new opportunities for instrumentation and new user community development during the next 5-10 years that emerged from last year's study. One purpose of the plan is to give the SAC a good perspective for making future recommendations on new beamline proposals, and indeed to stimulate persuasive proposals. The first draft of the plan has already been shared with the APS Users Organization (APSUO) Steering Committee and the Partner Users Council (PUC), whose input will be communicated to the SAC by their ex officio representatives on the SAC.

In response to the developing APS strategic plan, the sectors comprising X-ray Operations and Research (XOR), under the leadership of Gabrielle Long, are developing a tactical plan for XOR that will help us respond to current and future needs by developing more dedicated beamlines. This plan will also be presented in draft form to the SAC and has been shared with the APSUO Steering Committee and the PUC. While the XOR plan looks specifically at changes to existing XOR sectors, we expect that CATs that are not affiliated with XOR will respond and work with us to integrate their strategic plans into the bigger picture, for the benefit of all users. This is a challenging but exciting process, as we all work to bring the Advanced Photon Source to the “next level” in its scientific impact through the evolution of many more world-class, dedicated, and well-supported beamlines.

To make this all happen we will need to obtain new resources, both inside the facility and outside to engage our partners in the process. I am happy to report that an Inter-Agency Working Group is now working to identify the needs of synchrotron radiation facilities in the U.S. This group will help articulate the needs of facilities such as APS to the administration in time for consideration in the FY07 budget. The chair of the Inter Agency Working Group is Patrick Gallagher from the National Institute of Standards and Technology.

I am happy to announce that, with the help of the Office of Basic Energy Sciences at DOE, and ANL, we have secured the $4.52M funding necessary to build the final lab-office module (LOM) at APS – LOM 437. The building will be constructed as a multi-purpose facility, to be built out later as sectors are occupied. It will be built simultaneously with the Center for Nanoscale Materials, which is under construction immediately south of the LOM site.

Finally, there has been a significant reorganization within Argonne that brings together the Advanced Photon Source and the Intense Pulsed Neutron Source into a new Directorate called “Scientific User Facilities.” I remain the Director of the APS and Ray Teller remains the Director of IPNS, but the two facilities now fall under my oversight as Associate Laboratory Director. The reorganization provides further opportunities to synergize between neutron and x-ray scattering and to exploit common user facility experience.

3. Cross-cut Review on January 26: Science Requiring the Pulsed Structure of the APS X-ray Beam
(Contact: Susan Strasser, strasser@aps.anl.gov)
(Info: http://www.aps.anl.gov/News/Meetings/APS_Cross_Cut_Reviews/)

All APS staff and users are welcome to attend the 2005 APS cross-cut review, entitled “Science Requiring the Pulsed Structure of the APS X-ray Beam.” It will be held Wednesday, January 26, from 8:00 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. in the Bldg. 402 Auditorium. This review is the second in a series of reviews designed to provide the APS Scientific Advisory Committee (SAC) with an overview of APS scientific accomplishments, programs, and capabilities in a specific area. The six scientific talks will be preceded by an overview by Murray Gibson; Michael Borland will conclude the program with a talk on future possibilities. The scheduled talks are listed below; abstracts and presentations will be posted on the Cross-cut Review Web site as they are received.

4. Research Highlight: In situ Kinetics Study Reveals a Key to Consistent Self-assembly of Nanocrystal Superlattices
(Contact: S. Narayanan, sureshn@aps.anl.gov)

Small angle x-ray scattering studies have shown that the rate of evaporation of a nanocrystal-bearing droplet determined whether the resulting self-organized superlattices would be two-dimensional or three-dimensional. The results also showed that the superlattices formed at the liquid-air interface, rather than at the liquid-substrate interface as previously proposed. This discovery makes it easier for researchers to produce consistent structures from ligand-stabilized nanocrystals. The experiments were carried out at APS beamline 1-BM using gold nanocrystals with average diameter 7.5 and 5.8 nm monodispersed in dodecanethiol. The in situ , time-resolved experimental data were combined with kinetics modeling to pinpoint the effect of the evaporation rate. ( More >>)

S. Narayanan, J. Wang, X.-M. Lin, “Dynamical Self-Assembly of Nanocrystal Superlattices during Colloidal Droplet Evaporation by in situ Small Angle X-Ray Scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 135503 (2004).

5. Users Meeting May 2-6 Celebrates Anniversary, Beginning
(Contact: Susan Strasser, strasser@aps.anl.gov )
(Info: http://www.aps.anl.gov/Users/Meeting )

Please mark your calendars now for Users Meeting week, May 2-6, 2005, at Argonne National Laboratory. This will be a special joint event, as we celebrate the birth of a new user facility, the Center for Nanoscale Materials (CNM), and the beginning of the Advanced Photon Source's second decade of research. The joint APS/CNM program committee has planned an exciting week with specific events targeted for each facility, science talks from great speakers, several poster sessions (with four $500 prizes for best student posters), a vendor exhibit, and several social events, including a banquet (“A Black Tie Affair”) and a dinner for friends of Dale Sayers, a pioneer in the development of EXAFS.

The format will be similar to last year, with the CNM meeting held on Monday, joint nanoscience workshops on Tuesday, and the APS meeting and associated workshops on Wednesday through Friday. In addition, members will be elected to the User Steering Committees of both facilities. .

A single registration fee of $225 ($100 for students) includes access to both meetings and all workshops. Please note these key dates: March 18 - abstract deadline, April 1 - registration for non-U.S. citizens, April 15 -housing reservations and registration without late fee. Registration information and schedule will be available on the web in a few weeks (http://www.aps.anl.gov/Users/Meeting), but to whet your appetite, here are the workshops being planned:

6. Mail-In Crystallography Program Being Introduced for General Users
(Contact: Elane Streets, estreets@aps.anl.gov, 630-252-4460)
(Info: http://www.sgxcat.com)

In the near future, APS will begin offering a mail-in crystallography program to General Users. The program is supported by SGX-CAT at Sector 31. The following is a very brief overview of the process; details are provided by SGX at http://www.sgxcat.com.

To participate in the program, a user submits a proposal online through the General User proposal system, identifying it as a request for mail-in service. The proposal is reviewed in the same fashion as regular proposals. If the rating is suitable, SGX notifies the user to prepare samples for shipment. Samples received by Thursday are screened over the weekend. The user accesses data from the screening runs and notifies SGX which samples to run again for full datasets. The data are returned on a Firewire disk drive provided by the user.

Users considering this option should be aware that sample preparation and shipping requirements are very specific and that some energies and data collection methods are not available (e.g., MAD is not offered). Questions about the new program can be directed to Elane Streets, APS General User Program Administrator, 630-252-4460.

7. General User Update: More Beamlines, Extra Beam Time, Next Deadline
(Inquiries: Elane Streets, User Office, estreets@aps.anl.gov)

The General User Program is currently accepting Rapid Access beam time requests for run cycle 2005-1, which begins January 25 and ends April 21, 2005.

  Beamlines Joining GUP in Run 2005-1
8-BM Macromolecular crystallography
Multi wavelength anomalous dispersion (MAD)
9-BM X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS)
22-ID Macromolecular crystallography
Multi-wavelength anomalous dispersion (MAD)
33-BM Topography
General Diffraction
Powder diffraction
Single crystal diffraction

Please remember that even if you have an existing General User Program (GUP) proposal, you must submit a beam time request for each cycle in which you want time. Technical and User Office support will not be available after 5:00 p.m. on March 11; please check that you have access to the system before that time. For assistance, please write to gu_program@aps.anl.gov or call the APS User Office at 630-252-9090. The proposal system is at http://beam.aps.anl.gov/pls/apsweb/gup0005.start_page

8. Users Invited to Support Accelerator Research through American Physical Society
(Contact: Marion White, mwhite@aps.anl.gov)

Advanced Photon Source users are invited to join the Division of Physics of Beams (DPB) of the American Physical Society (APS). DPB membership costs only $7 annually in addition to APS membership. The DPB serves as the professional “home” for those who design, operate, and continually improve the accelerators on which your scientific programs are based. It provides many services to the accelerator community and its users, including the PRST-AB Journal devoted to all aspects of accelerator science, the biennial particle accelerator conference, APS prizes and fellowships, and representation of the accelerator field in the broader APS community and society at large. To maintain these activities, DPB needs your support.

To add DPB membership to your APS membership, use this link:
All you need is your member username and password. (The link will guide you to set up the account up if needed.)

9. People News

Quintana named Associate Division Director for Accelerator & User Operations

On April 4, 2005, John Quintana will join the APS as the Associate Division Director for APS Accelerator & User Operations. He succeeds Roger Klaffky, who has moved to the U.S. Department of Energy as Program Manager for X-ray and Neutron Scattering Facilities in the Basic Energy Sciences User Facilities Division.

John Quintana has been associated with the APS for more than 12 years and has served the user community in many capacities. He received his B.S. in mechanical engineering and materials science from the University of California , Berkeley , and his Ph.D. in materials science and engineering from Northwestern University . In 1992, he joined the DND-CAT staff as part of the original design and construction team for sector 5 and in 1998 became the director of DND-CAT. Most recently, his responsibilities have included the buildout of sector 21 for the Life Sciences CAT. John has worked in many areas of synchrotron-related science and engineering, including x-ray optics designs for high-heat-load devices and sagittal focusing, control system design, and approaches to solving materials science problems using high-energy x-rays, stroboscopic timing techniques, powder diffraction, and high-throughput small-angle scattering.

New leadership in X-ray Microscopy Group

In April, Dr. Qun Shen will become Group Leader for the X-ray Microscopy Group within X-ray Operations and Research (XOR). Qun officially joined the APS on January 17. He succeeds Ian McNulty, who stepped down as leader of the XOR X-ray Microscopy Group last December so that he could spend more time on research. The APS is deeply indebted to Ian for his many accomplishments in building Sector 2 and making it the success it is today. Barry Lai has agreed to serve as the acting group leader until April.

Qun received his Ph.D. in physics from Purdue University . Prior to coming to APS, he was a Sr. Staff Scientist at the Cornell High Energy Synchrotron Source (CHESS) at Cornell University , where he worked on nanomaterial/biomaterial imaging with coherent x-rays, on innovative reference-beam diffraction methods, and on x-ray optics R&D for synchrotron radiation. He was also responsible for oversight of the development of potential future applications using either a fully or mostly coherent x-ray source.

New coordinator for ESH/QA

As of February 1, 2005, David Haugen will be the new ESH/QA coordinator for the Scientific User Facilities (SUF) Directorate at Argonne , which includes both the Advanced Photon Source (APS) and the Intense Pulsed Neutron Source (IPNS). David's career began in biological research at Argonne, and later he played a role in the planning and implementation of the Structural Biology Center at Sector 19. For the last 14 years he has served as ESH/QA coordinator within another organization at Argonne . He is currently, and will remain, the chair of the ANL Institutional Biosafety Review Committee.

“I have long recognized David's strengths in coordinating and strengthening ESH/QA across complex organizations,” says Murray Gibson. “I was particularly impressed by the outstanding job that David did in shepherding the successful design, construction, and operation of the new BioHazard Level 3 facility at BioCARS -- the first such facility at any synchrotron source worldwide. In this activity David demonstrated that he can interact well with diverse constituencies, that he listens thoughtfully and makes sensible decisions on complex issues, and that he has good judgment and knowledge. I am delighted to have the chance to work closely with David in strengthening ESH/QA activities at APS and IPNS.”

A more detailed biography of David can be found at

Joanne Day retiring in March

Joanne Day, Assistant to the Associate Laboratory Director responsible for Administration, has announced her plans to retire at the end of March 2005. Joanne has had a stellar career at Argonne National Laboratory, which began in the days of the Zero-Gradient Synchrotron and has encompassed the whole history of the APS to date. “I wish to express my personal thanks for Joanne's invaluable assistance to me in the three years I have been Associate Laboratory Director for the APS,” Murray Gibson said. “She has an unrivaled knowledge of the administrative structure of the APS and Argonne , amazing wisdom, and an awesome ability to bring matters sensibly to a conclusion. She will be very hard to replace.” Joanne will continue to advise the APS as issues come up, but after her long and successful service to Argonne , we hope she will be able to relax and enjoy life!

10. Administrative Dates and Deadlines

A listing of regularly scheduled technical meetings is available on the APS home page http://www.aps.anl.gov/News/Meetings/

Proposal system -- http://beam.aps.anl.gov/pls/apsweb/gup0005.start_page
Ops. Monthly meetings -- http://www.aps.anl.gov/News/Meetings/Monthly_Meetings/
User calendar (admin. meetings, reviews): http://www.aps.anl.gov/Users/General_Reference/Calendar/

*New entry since last issue


January 25-27

Scientific Advisory Committee Meeting

January 26

Cross-cut Review: Science Requiring the Pulsed Structure of the APS X-ray Beam

January 31 Start of Run 2005-1
*February 9 APS/Users' Operations Monthly Meeting
*March 3 Review - Sector 16 (HP-CAT)
*March 4 Review - Sector 13 (GSECARS)
March 11 Proposal deadline for Run 2005-2
*March 16 APS/Users' Operations Monthly Meeting
*March 17 Review - Sector 11 (BESSRC/XOR)
*March 18 Review - Sector 12 (BESSRC/XOR)
*April 14 APS/Users' Operations Monthly Meeting
April 20 End of Run 2005-1
May 2-6 Users Meeting
May 3 Partner User Council Meeting
May 5 APSUO Steering Committee Meeting
*May 23-26 DOE facility review of APS
*June 1 Start of Run 2005-2
*June 2 APS/Users' Operations Monthly Meeting
*July 13 APS/Users' Operations Monthly Meeting
*July 14 APSUO Steering Committee Meeting
*July 15 Partner User Council Meeting
*August 25 End of Run 2005-2
*September 15 Review - Sector 9 (CMC/XOR)
*September 16 Review - Sector 6 (MU-CAT)
*October 17 Review - Sector 5 (DND-CAT)
*October 18 Review - Sector 8-BM and 24 (NE-CAT)
*October 27 APSUO Steering Committee Meeting
*October 28 Partner User Council Meeting
*May 1-6 2006 Users Meeting