APS User News-at-a-Glance
Issue 28: October 18, 2004

1. Message from Murray
Cross-cut Review to Feature Science Requiring the Pulsed Structure of the Beam
New 13T Superconducting Magnet Tested at Sector 4
4. David Mao of HP-CAT Awarded Prize by Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences
General User Update: New Beamlines Added, Original Program Proposals Expiring
6. APS Gauging User Interest in Single-Crystal Diamond for Monochromators
7. Suggestions Please: Workshop Ideas Invited for Users Meeting
8: Briefly Noted
    Grill opens for lunch
    Partner User deadline is Oct. 29
    Jeff Catalano wins Argonne fellowship
    Library offers electronic access to more journals

9. Administrative Dates and Deadlines

1. Message from Murray
(Contact: Murray Gibson, jmgibson@aps.anl.gov)

I want to thank the many users who were involved in the strategic planning meeting and scientific workshops which concluded in early September at Fontana, Wisconsin. Many attendees shared my impression that this process was an outstanding success. Altogether there were 320 attendees at the 9 workshops, and 160 attendees at the final 2-day strategic planning meeting. The nine workshops have provided the input we need to flesh out our scientific strategic plan for the APS for the next 5-10 years. The plan will focus on compelling opportunities to build new user communities and new instrumentation to increase the scientific impact of the APS. It is the flesh which substantiates Phases I and II of our 20-year plan, which was released last year (http://www.aps.anl.gov/aps/downloads/20030223-roadmap.pdf). The scientific strategic plan will be discussed by the APS Scientific Advisory Committee at its January 2005 meeting and will be made available for user comment before it is finalized.

I particularly want to thank Gopal Shenoy and Sunil Sinha who co-organized the “Future Scientific Directions for the APS” study under which all the workshops were held (http://www.future.aps.anl.gov/Future/home.htm). The quality and scope of the workshops was very impressive, and we were particularly delighted that such a large number of non-synchrotron users could attend and contribute. It is intended that a summary of each workshop be published in peer-reviewed scientific journals. You will be hearing much more about these workshops and the strategic plan in the coming months.

2. Cross-cut Review to Feature Science Requiring the Pulsed Structure of the Beam
(Contact: Susan Strasser, User Office, strasser@aps.anl.gov)

As part of its annual meeting, the APS Scientific Advisory Committee (SAC) will devote one day to an open cross-cut review entitled “Science Requiring the Pulsed Structure of the APS X-ray Beam.” This review will be held in the APS Conference Center on Wednesday, January 26, 2005, and will be open to any of APS staff members and users who wish to attend. The review will be chaired by SAC member James Norris from The University of Chicago, and the expertise of the SAC will be supplemented by several invited experts.

This review is designed to provide SAC members with an overview of the research being conducted at the APS in this specific area, for the purpose of placing individual sector review reports in context. In addition, the cross-cut review report will serve as a baseline document of current capabilities for this type of research.

Representatives of all APS sectors have been asked to identify, by October 30, the specific research programs at their sector that fit into this category, together with the names of the appropriate individuals to present the work

3. New 13T Superconducting Magnet Tested at Sector 4
(Contact: George Srajer, XFD/XOR, srajerg@aps.anl.gov)

A 13-Tesla superconducting x-ray magnet has been tested successfully by a team involving scientists and engineers from the APS, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), and Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL). This magnet has a vertical-field, split-coil geometry and represents a new sample environment capability at the APS. When installed on the hard x-ray branch line at Sector 4 (beamline 4-ID-D), this magnet will offer users the highest magnetic field at the APS.

Such high magnetic fields are useful for a wide range of experiments performed on strongly correlated electron systems, exotic superconductors, thin magnetic films, and soft-condensed matter. The importance of x-ray scattering and spectroscopy in the presence of a high magnetic field was emphasized during the recent strategic planning meeting for the APS.

The magnet was shipped from Brookhaven and tested at Sector 4 by ramping the field up to its maximum value of 13 T and cooling to its lowest sample-chamber temperature of 1.5 K (see photos). The magnet was manufactured by Oxford Instruments, and the magnet, spectrometer, and table are jointly owned by scientists at MIT, BNL, the University of California at Berkeley , and the APS.

4. David Mao of HP-CAT Awarded Gregori Amino Prize in Crystallography
(Contact: Richard Fenner, fenner@aps.anl.gov)

The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences has awarded David H. Mao the Gregori Aminoff Prize in Crystallography 2005 “for pioneering research of materials at ultrahigh pressures and temperatures.” Mao is a member of the senior staff at the Geophysical Laboratory of the Carnegie Institution of Washington and the Director of the High Pressure Collaborative Access Team, which manages the beamlines at sector 16 at the APS.

Murray Gibson said of Mao, “David has been a pioneer of high-pressure science and especially of the use of third-generation x-ray sources. We're delighted to see him win this well-deserved honor."

The prize consists of a gold medal, a diploma, and a monetary award. It will be given in connection with the Academy's Ordinary Session on June 8, 2005, followed by a lecture by Dr. Mao. On June 9-10, there will be a symposium on a theme in crystallography related to the subject of the award. (More information and a photo are at http://www.aps.anl.gov/aps/news/20041011.htm)

5. General User Update: Deadline Nears, New Beamlines Added, Original Program Proposals Expiring
(Inquiries: Elane Streets, User Office, estreets@aps.anl.gov)

Deadline. New proposals and requests for additional time on existing proposals are due October 29 for beam time in Run 2005-1 (January 31-April 20). The next deadline is March 11, 2005, for beam time in Run 2005-2 (late May through August).

New beamlines. For the 2005-1 run, general users now have four more beamlines to choose from. Of the 48 operating beamlines at the APS, 43 now accept general users. The following are the new beamlines:

  Beamlines Joining GUP in Run 2005-1
8-BM Macromolecular crystallography
Multi wavelength anomalous dispersion (MAD)
9-BM X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS)
22-ID Macromolecular crystallography
Multi-wavelength anomalous dispersion (MAD)
33-BM Topography
General Diffraction
Powder diffraction
Single crystal diffraction

Expiring proposals. All “charter” or original program proposals—those submitted for Run 2003-1, the first cycle of the new General User Program—have expired. If you need beam time in Run 2005-1 for a project covered by such a program proposal, you need to create and submit a new proposal by October 29.

You can copy your old proposal as a shortcut. Access your old proposal, and on the first screen (the General tab), click the “Copy Proposal” button. Immediately a new proposal is displayed, which contains most of the old information.

6. APS Gauging User Interest in Single-Crystal Diamond for Monochromators
(Contact: Ali Khounsary, XFD, fenner@aps.anl.gov)

High-quality single-crystal diamonds are becoming available in sizes large enough for many x-ray monochromators. Ali Khounsary of the Optics Fabrication and Metrology Group within the Experimental Facilities division would like to hear from APS users who may have a need for such crystals. He is interested in working with users to receive, evaluate, analyze, select, and provide crystals.

Interested users are invited to e-mail Khounsary (amk@aps.anl.gov); please indicate what you might need (number, size, and orientation if known) and when you think you'll need it.

7. Suggestions Please: Workshop Ideas Invited for Users Meeting
(Contact: Susan Strasser, User Office, strasser@aps.anl.gov)

We need you to think ahead a moment: namely, to next May and the 2005 Users Meeting (And while you're thinking, mark your calendar for May 2-5.)

Here's your chance to make this meeting one you'll be excited about: What workshops would you like to attend?

Send your ideas to APSUO Vice-Chairman Carol Thompson (cthompson@niu.edu), and to Susan Strasser (strasser@aps.anl.gov).

8. Briefly Noted

Good News: Grill Open for Lunch

The 401 Grill is now open for lunch during the week from 11:00 a.m. to 2:00 p.m. The new hours are being offered on a trial basis. The Grill is also open for dinner from 4:30 p.m. to 9:00 p.m. on weeknights and from 11:30 a.m. to 7:00 p.m. on weekends.

Partner User proposal deadline is October 29

The next Partner User deadline is Friday, October 29, for beam time in Run 2005-1 (late January-April). For Partner User questions, contact Susan Strasser, strasser@aps.anl.gov or 630-252-5981.

APS user Jeffrey Catalano also wins Argonne named postdoctoral fellowship

In volume 27 of User News we reported that APS user Jake Socha had been awarded a named fellowship at Argonne . The story should also have included APS user Jeff Catalano, who has worked extensively at Sectors 13 and 20. We regret the omission.

Jeff Catalano, with a Ph.D. in geological and environmental sciences from Stanford University , is the Harold Urey postdoctoral fellow in Argonne 's Environmental Research Division.

Catalano's academic research focused on the chemistry of uranium in highly contaminated sites. Specifically, he studied how dissolved uranium interacts with mineral surfaces that can bind to and immobilize the uranium before it travels into drinking water. This research has applications in environmental cleanup and water treatment.

Catalano will continue this research at Argonne , using advanced X-ray scattering and spectroscopic methods at the Advanced Photon Source to further examine how uranium interacts with minerals. He will also study the role other factors such as carbon dioxide and dissolved salts may play in the interaction.

Harold Urey was a University of Chicago chemistry professor and discoverer of deuterium.

Library adds electronic access to many journals of interest to APS users
(Contact Mary Straka, APS librarian, mstraka@anl.gov)

The Argonne libraries recently added electronic access for 41 journals, many in areas of interest to APS users. Among them are Cell (from 1994), Journal of Geophysical Research (from 1994), and all titles from Kluwer (see list , which includes the beginning year for electronic access). To reach these journals, connect to the AIM system at www.aim.anl.gov, select Library Resources, select E-journals, and follow the alphabetical list to the available titles.

9. Administrative Dates and Deadlines

A listing of technical meetings and workshops is available on the APS home page (http://aps.anl.gov) under the heading Meetings, Etc.

*New entry since last issue

Proposal system -- http://beam.aps.anl.gov/pls/apsweb/gup0005.start_page
Ops. monthly meetings -- http://www.aps.anl.gov/aps/meetings/monthly_meetings.html

  October 27

APS/Users Operations Monthly Meeting

  October 29

Partner User proposal deadline

  October 29

General User proposal deadline for Run 2005-1

  November 18

APS/Users Operations Monthly Meeting

  December 16 APS/Users Operations Monthly Meeting
  December 21 End of Run 2004-3
  December 24

Argonne National Laboratory holiday shutdown begins

  January 4

Argonne National Laboratory reopens

  January 25-27

Scientific Advisory Committee Meeting

  January 26

Cross-cut Review: Science that Uses the Time Structure of the Beam

* January 31 Start of Run 2005-1
* March 11 Proposal deadline for Run 2005-2
* April 20 End of Run 2005-1
* May 2-5 Users Meeting
* ~May 23 Start of Run 2005-2 (tentative)
* ~August 29 End of Run 2005-2 (tentative)