APS User News-at-a-Glance
Issue 25: May 24, 2004

1. Message from Murray
APSUO Welcomes New Steering Committee Members and New Chair
3. 2004 Users Meeting: The Lowdown on the Hoedown (or, It Was a Really Good Meeting)
4. Strategic Summer: Future Directions Taking Shape at Science Workshops
5. APS Welcomes New General User Program Administrator, W. Elane Streets
6. General User Program Nearing Two Year Mark
7. APS Wins Starring Role in Docudrama
8. Briefly Noted (user viewpoint in print; crystallographic, geologic databases available through library)
9. Administrative Dates and Deadlines

1. Message from Murray
(Contact: Murray Gibson, jmgibson@aps.anl.gov)

The great success of our recent user meeting attests to the accomplishments of the users of the Advanced Photon Source, for which I thank you all. While the Science presentations at the User Meeting were very upbeat, the outlook presented for funding of the sciences in the next years was sobering. The advocacy of all scientists in representing the importance to society of our work is more critical than ever in difficult times. The Advanced Photon Source is growing in impact by leaps and bounds. We have also taken on a new mission to support the operation of a larger number of sectors. This new mission will require increased resources. Our sponsors at DOE-BES recognize this, and I am pleased to announce that Patrica Dehmer, Assistant Director of the Office of Science for Basic Energy Sciences, is re-instituting an inter-agency working group on synchrotron light sources which will help to rationalize a national strategy to ensure the optimum utilization of facilities like the APS.

Training is so important to the future of synchrotron radiation science. I was delighted that over 50 of the 650 participants in the User meeting were graduate students. Three outstanding students were given prizes for their posters (see item 3). The first Rosalind Franklin award was given to Alexis Templeton, who, at less than 2 years from her PhD, represents the brightest and best of the future generation of synchrotron users.

I am pleased to announce that we have secured support from both Argonne National Laboratory and the Department of Energy Office of Basic Energy Sciences to begin construction of the final Lab-Office Module, LOM 437. We are very happy that we can begin this construction during the construction of the adjacent Center for Nanoscale Materials, which would otherwise have caused disruptions to the CNM.

2. APSUO Welcomes New Steering Committee Members and New Chair
(Contact: Meg Vigliocco-Hagen, meg@aps.anl.gov)

On Thursday, May 6, the APSUO Steering Committee attended a luncheon to welcome newly elected members and thank those finishing their terms. Murray Gibson thanked outgoing Chair Steve Durbin for his many valuable contributions to not only the APS user community, but also to the cause of science advocacy on a national scale. Gibson congratulated incoming Chair, Mark Rivers, on his organization of a highly successful users meeting and welcomed him to his new role.

The new members, elected by users through online voting before and during the meeting, are

--Keith Brister, The University of Chicago/BioCARS
--Thomas Gog, Argonne National Laboratory/CMC-CAT
--Tim Graber. The University of Chicago/ChemMatCARS
--Ward Smith, Argonne National Laboratory/GM/CA-CAT

Leaving the Steering Committee are Lin Chen (Argonne National Laboratory), David Cookson (Australian Nuclear Sciences Organization), Gene Ice (Oak Ridge National Laboratory), John Rose (University of Georgia), and Sunil Sinha (University of California, San Diego). Their contributions are much appreciated. Continuing members are Stephen Durbin (ex officio, Purdue University), Malcolm Capel (Cornell University/NE-CAT), Julie Cross (The University of Washington/PNC-CAT), Stephan Ginell (Argonne National Laboratory/SBC-CAT), Mark Rivers, Chair (The University of Chicago/GSECARS), and Carol Thompson (Northern Illinois University). Brief background information for all committee members is posted on the APS web site under User Info > Committees > APS Users Organization > List of Steering Committee Members, or directly at http://www.aps.anl.gov/user/committees/apsuo/members.

3. 2004 Users Meeting: The Lowdown on the Hoedown (or, It Was a Really Good Meeting)
(Contact: Susan Strasser, strasser@aps.anl.gov)

The 2004 Users Meeting for the APS, held on May 4-6, was one of superlatives and firsts. Not only did this meeting attract the largest ever number of attendees (more than 650 people attended all or part of the week's events), it also featured the most posters (140), the largest student population (more than 50 registered, with 41 submitting posters), the most adjunct workshops (eight), and the largest number of exhibitors (40). Firsts included the newly established Rosalind Franklin Young Investigator Award, three $500 student poster prizes, and a very relaxed “Midwestern Country Evening” featuring a roasted pig, a bluegrass band, and excellent food.

The Opening Session on Wednesday, May 5 began with a welcome from Argonne Laboratory Director Hermann Grunder. He was followed by Ellen Burns, Congressional staffer (and Ph.D. chemist), who provided a Washington perspective with her clear, concise description of the process and prospects for science funding in Congress. Pat Dehmer, Director of the DOE Office of Basic Energy Sciences, added her perspective on science funding in today's climate, urging APS users to pay attention not only to their own particular experiments and facilities but also to the broader scientific picture. Murray Gibson, Associate Laboratory Director for the APS, recapped the past year's scientific accomplishments and offered a glimpse into the future, echoing Dr. Dehmer's comments about the need for “grand challenge, visionary goals”. Efim Gluskin, Director of the APS Experimental Facilities Division, next described advances in undulator technology with an emphasis on how these new instruments can help drive the APS vision. Finally, Gabrielle Long, Associate Director of the APS Experimental Facilities Division, moved closer to home, explaining the structure and evolution of the scientific programs on the APS-managed beamlines, and reviewing the exciting upcoming strategic planning workshops.

The first scientific session on Wednesday afternoon opened with a warm and informative retrospective by Gene Ice of Oak Ridge National Laboratory on the life of synchrotron pioneer and colleague Cullie Sparks, a charter member of the APS user community who died very recently. Richard Reeder from SUNY Stony Brook followed with a glimpse into the geophysical world with his talk entitled “Mineral Surfaces: Bridging Adsorption and Co-Precipitation.” Next came a look into the future with Ronald Ruth of Lyncean Technologies, Inc., who described plans for a compact light source, which could easily fit into a home laboratory. The final speaker for this session was George Flynn, who further expanded our horizons with his look at interplanetary dust particles, including challenges in chemical analysis and preparation for the first samples to be returned from a comet.

Thursday morning's scientific sessions focused first on structural biology with three excellent presentations. The first, by Dinshaw Patel of Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, was entitled “Molecular Recognition Events in RNA Interference and Glycolipid Transfer Processes.” The second, by Jonathan Greer of Abbott Laboratories, described progress in designing drugs to fit targets—that is, the process of structure-based drug discovery. The final talk in the sequence was by Wei-Jen Tang of The University of Chicago on anthrax adenylyl cylase toxin. Next, Thomas Duffy took us back into the geophysical realm in his talk on the role of synchrotron experiments in understanding deep planetary interiors. The morning ended on a high note with the presentation of the three student posters prizes to Jennifer Jackson (“ (Mg,Fe)SiO3 Perovskite to 120 GPa Using Synchrotron Mössbauer Spectroscopy”), Jason Key (“Time-Resolved Crystallographic Studies of the Heme-Based Sensor Protein FixLH”) and Mark Pfeifer (“3D Mapping of Strain Using Coherent X-Ray Diffraction”). The final presentation of the morning was the excellent invited talk by Alexis S. Templeton, the recipient of the first APSUO Rosalind Franklin Young Investigator Award (see http://www.aps.anl.gov/aps/news/20040427a.htm for more information on this outstanding young scientist and her extremely impressive work).

Further information about all of these presentations, as well as workshop summaries will be available in an upcoming issue of Synchrotron Radiation News. The meeting Web site (http://www.aps.anl.gov/conferences/2004um/) currently contains workshop abstracts, final agendas, and names of the organizers, who will be glad to provide further details. And if you weren't there, go to the photo gallery (http://www.aps.anl.gov/conferences/2004um/photos.html) to get a glimpse of what you missed!

And save the date for next year's meeting, which will be held May 2-5, 2005.

4. Strategic Summer: Future Directions Taking Shape at Science Workshops

APS users and scientific staff are psyching up for an intense summer of future-gazing--in the form of nine workshops on future scientific directions for the APS. Conclusions from these workshops will help guide decisions in phases I and II of the 20-year strategic plan that Murray Gibson has outlined in previous issues of User News (nos. 23 and 24). In brief, these phases involve constructing the remaining beamlines, renovating existing beamlines, and tailoring insertion devices for each sector.

The primary goals for each workshop are the following:
--Identify new opportunities for scientific discovery
--Explore the breadth of science in each area
--Identify and connect with scientific leaders who will benefit from synchrotron techniques
--Identify new scientific programs
--Examine existing capabilities and define desirable future capabilities
--Produce a summary document to serve as a roadmap for the future

The nine workshops are (in chronological then alphabetical order):
--Future directions in synchrotron environmental science (held May 4, at Users Meeting)
--Emerging areas in biological crystallography (July 26-28, APS)
--Frontiers in science using soft x-rays (August 5-6, APS)
--Science with high-energy x-rays (August 9-10, APS)
--Membrane science (August 17-18, APS)
--Emerging opportunities using x-ray imaging (August 29 - Sept. 1, Lake Geneva)
--Mesoscopic and nanoscopic science (August 29 - Sept. 1, Lake Geneva)
--Nanomagnetism using x-ray techniques (August 29 - Sept. 1, Lake Geneva)
--Time-domain science using x-ray techniques (August 29 - Sept. 1, Lake Geneva)

Attendance at each workshop will be limited to 50 persons. Participants will be selected based on the relevance and coverage of various areas of science. For details and registration deadlines, please see the Future Scientific Directions web page, accessible from the APS home page or at http://www.future.aps.anl.gov/.

5. APS Welcomes New General User Program Administrator, W. Elane Streets
(Contact: Elane Streets, estreets@aps.anl.gov)

If you have participated in APS General User Program, you've gotten some (well, probably a lot) of e-mails from someone named Jane Andrew. Now you'll be seeing another name on many of those emails: Elane Streets.

Elane has joined the User Office as the General User Program Administrator and takes the reins on May 17. Jane Andrew is scaling back her involvement with the General User Program but will remain with the User Office, focusing on user communications. She will work closely with Elane over the next few months to ensure a smooth transition.

Elane's connection to the APS goes back to its earliest days: she was chairman of the Advanced Photon Source Thrust Group for Argonne 's Chemical Technology Division from the group's founding in 1989 through 1994. This group participated in the development of beamline 10-ID, operated by MR-CAT. Elane holds a B.S. in chemistry (ACS Degree) from the University of Georgia and an M.S. in physical chemistry from the University of Rochester. She worked as a chemist in the Analytical Chemistry Laboratory (ACL) at Argonne, where she developed several technical specialties, including radiological analyses. While at the ACL, she managed DOE's Integrated Performance Evaluation Program (IPEP) for analytical laboratories participating in DOE's environmental restoration and waste management efforts. She developed and implemented a variety of electronic systems to streamline work processes and data management for IPEP and the ACL.

Elane is very excited about joining the APS. She says, “I feel in many ways that I have come full circle, since my first job, at Oak Ridge, involved x-ray fluorescence and absorption analyses. I worked on one of the first commercial photon electron spectrometers, with both UV and x-ray sources. And now I join the premier x-ray source in the country. I'm proud to become part of your organization.”

For General User Program questions, the general contact information is still the same: 630-252-0909 or gu_program@aps.anl.gov. You can reach Elane directly at 630-252-4460 or estreets@aps.anl.gov.

6. General User Program Nearing Two Year Mark
(Contact: Elane Streets, estreets@aps.anl.gov)

The General User Program recently completed the allocation process for the summer run. We received ~420 regular requests for time; of these, ~300 were allocated time. The average score of the successful requests was 2.0.

The next proposal cycle, for time in Run 2004-3 (submission deadline July 16) will be the sixth under the centralized program instituted nearly two years ago. As a result, program proposals created in the initial cycle are nearing the end of their two-year eligibility for beam time. “Charter users” of the system should begin considering new proposals for Run 2005-1 (submission deadline October 29).

For calendar year 2003, the first full year of the central program, nearly 900 proposals were submitted: about 600 individual (or single-visit) proposals and 300 program (multiple-visit) proposals. These users made a total of 1280 requests for beam time, of which 830 (or about 2 in 3) were approved for time. Approximately 8500 eight-hour shifts were open to General Users. The number of beamlines participating increased from 32 to 34 during the year.

In calendar year 2004 to date, about 1,020 requests have been submitted (both regular and rapid access), with about 590 receiving time so far.

The deadline to request general user and partner user time for Run 2004-3 (October 4 to December 21) is July 16. Please remember that even if you have an existing proposal, you must submit a beam time request for each cycle in which you want time. Note that technical and User Office support will not be available after 5:00 p.m. on July 16; please check that you have access to the system before that time. For assistance, please write to gu_program@aps.anl.gov. The proposal system is at http://beam.aps.anl.gov/pls/apsweb/gup0005.start_page.

7. APS Wins Starring Role in Docudrama
(Contact: Catherine Foster, cfoster@anl.gov)

Producers of a docudrama film on “Beethoven's Hair” were at the APS last week for two days of filming at Sector 2. That facility was used in 2000 to examine several strands of Beethoven's hair, preserved since his death in 1827. The researchers -- including William Walsh of the Health Research Institute, Ken Kemner of Argonne's Environmental Research Division, and Derrick Mancini and Francesco DeCarlo of APS Experimental Facilities Division -- will be featured in the film, which is being produced by the same team that produced the award-winning “The Red Violin.”

The research showed high levels of lead in Beethoven's hair -- about 100 times the concentration commonly found today. The lead poisoning may have been the cause of Beethoven's death at the age of 57.

The hair was cut from Beethoven's head shortly after his death by a young musician; the hair was kept in a locket and passed down to members of the musician's family until it was sold in 1994 to a collector in Arizona who founded the Beethoven Center and collects Beethoven memorabilia. He gave a few strands of the hair for the study.

The film will track the story of the research done on Beethoven's hair, interspersed with dramatic segments from Beethoven's life, featuring an actor in the role of Beethoven. The scientists, however, will be playing themselves in the film.

8. Briefly Noted

User viewpoint on cost vs. productivity in science funding
In a letter published in the February 16, 2004, issue of Chemical & Engineering News, APS user Simon Bare took issue with a comment reported in an earlier article that equated the cost of the International Space Station with that of a “beam line at a national lab.” Bare corrects this error and further argues that if one compares the actual cost and productivity of a facility such as the APS with that expected for the International Space Station, “the U.S. taxpayer is getting a fantastic bargain...at the U.S. synchrotron facilities.”

Two new databases now accessible through the Argonne Library System
The ANL Library System has recently added two new databases:
-- Cambridge Structural Database, published by the Cambridge Crystallographic Data Centre, on carbon-containing molecules having up to 1000 atoms (on CD-ROM)
--GeoRef, the database of the American Geological Institute, covers worldwide technical literature on geology and geophysics.

These two databases, along with many others, are available through the AIM system to users logging in from a recognized Argonne computer. Connect to http://www.aim.anl.gov and select Library Resources. The fourth bullet on the list will lead you to the Databases list. Instructions for accessing the CD-ROM network are included on this webpage.

9. Administrative Dates and Deadlines

A listing of technical meetings and workshops is available on the APS home page (http://aps.anl.gov) under the heading Meetings, Etc.

*New entry since last issue

Proposal system -- http://beam.aps.anl.gov/pls/apsweb/gup0005.start_page
NX School -- http://www.dep.anl.gov/nx/
Ops. monthly meetings -- http://www.aps.anl.gov/aps/meetings/monthly_meetings.html


May 25

Start of Run 2004-2


June 30

APS/Users' Operations Monthly Meeting


July 16

Partner User proposal deadline


July 16

General User proposal deadline for Run 2004-3

  July 21 APS/Users Operations Monthly Meeting

July 22

APS Users Organization Steering Committee meeting

  July 23 Partner User Council meeting

July 26-28

New Directions Workshop: Emerging Areas in Biological Crystallography (at APS)

* August 5-6 New Directions Workshop: Frontiers in Science Using Soft X-rays (at APS)
* August 9-10 New Directions Workshop: Science with High-energy X-rays (at APS)
* August 17-18 New Directions Workshop: Membrane Science (at APS)
* August 15-29 Sixth National School on Neutron and X-ray Scattering

August 25

APS/Users Operations Monthly Meeting


August 25

End of Run 2004-2


Aug. 29-Sept. 1

New Directions Workshop: Emerging Opportunities Using X-ray Imaging (at Lake Geneva)

* Aug. 29-Sept. 1

New Directions Workshop: Time-domain Science Using X-ray Techniques (at Lake Geneva)

* Aug. 29-Sept. 1

New Directions Workshop: Mesoscopic and Nanoscopic Science (at Lake Geneva)

* Aug. 29-Sept. 1

New Directions Workshop: Nanomagnetism Using X-ray Techniques (at Lake Geneva)

* September 29

APS/Users Operations Monthly Meeting

* October 4

Start of Run 2004-3

* October 14

APS Users Organization Steering Committee meeting

* October 15

Partner User Council meeting

* October 27

APS/Users Operations Monthly Meeting

  October 29

Partner User proposal deadline

  October 29

General User proposal deadline for Run 2005-1

* December 21

End of Run 2004-3

* December 24

Argonne National Laboratory holiday shutdown begins

* Jan. 4, 2005

Argonne National Laboratory reopens

* Jan. 25-27, 2005

Scientific Advisory Committee Meeting

* Jan. 26, 2005

Cross-cut Review: Science that Uses the Time Structure of the Beam