APS User News-at-a-Glance
Issue 23: January 19, 2004

1. Message from Murray
Review: Science with Microbeams
General User Program Wrap-up for Run 2004-1
APS at the APS: Stop By in Montreal
User Meeting Approaching--Save the Dates!
Familiar Names, New Roles
Briefly Noted (neutron conference, annual gate passes)

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1. Message from Murray
(Contact: Murray Gibson,

A great year for APS and its users ends, and an exciting new year begins. In fiscal year (FY) 2003, a total of 2767 unique users visited the APS to carry out experiments, a 20% increase over the previous year. This number marks a milestone: we are now the largest synchrotron, or indeed scientific user facility of any kind, in the United States. Last year we also became the world's largest depositor of protein databank structures. The machine ran at over 97% reliability, with a mean time between failures of 44 hours in FY 2003, while we also improved stability and performance in the accelerator, and installed the first canted undulators on two new structural biology sectors. On behalf of all APS employees, who work hard and get their rewards from your success, I give you best wishes for a happy and productive New Year. We hope that APS can continue to share in your success.

Scientific facilities must continually improve to be alive. Our twenty-year strategic plan (http://www.aps.anl.gov/aps/downloads/20030822-roadmap.pdf) is moving into action, and we have much work to do. Phases I and II of our long-range plan call for building and renovating beamlines to address high-impact scientific questions, and tailoring insertion devices to maximize performance for each beamline. This plan was received well by the Basic Energy Sciences Advisory Committee (http://www.sc.doe.gov/production/bes/BESAC/20year_facilities_report.pdf), and we hope for budget increases to facilitate these upgrades. About a year ago, Gopal Shenoy and Sunil Sinha began a study of "new scientific directions" for the APS. A lively session on the subject was held at the 2003 users meeting, and a number of workshops are being planned. In culmination, we will hold a strategic planning meeting in late summer (tentatively 8/29 to 9/3/04) at Fontana, Wisconsin, to which users, other scientists, and APS staff will be invited. This meeting will focus entirely on new science directions and will comprise a number of parallel workshops followed by a two-day summary discussion. We expect to come out of this meeting with priorities for new beamline construction in the first years of our twenty-year plan. Your input will be essential to success of this endeavor.

Phase IV of our long-range plan involves upgrading the accelerator, and we are very pleased that this has been adopted in the long-range facility plans for the DOE Office of Science (http://www.sc.doe.gov/Sub/Facilities_for_future/20-Year-Outlook-screen.pdf). I propose to call this "super storage ring" and new injector complex "APS2." This major upgrade offers greatly enhanced capabilities to existing user experiments, but it could also give our users access to revolutionary fourth-generation capabilities. Construction on APS2 would not begin for almost a decade, but the time is right to begin strategic planning. We are appointing an APS2 Planning Group, chaired by Denny Mills, Deputy Associate Laboratory Director, and Kwang-Je Kim, Senior Accelerator Physicist. They will be arranging workshops, colloquia, and seed research activities in the next two years. Their aim is to focus the options for the APS2 upgrade by summer of 2006, when we plan to hold the next user/staff strategic planning meeting.

Internally, there are other challenges facing the APS that we must surmount to facilitate your success. You can get a glimpse of these by reading the APS goals for FY04 (http://www.aps.anl.gov/aps/goals/frame_goals.html). A particularly important goal is improving our documentation and migrating to an electronic document management system. Achieving this goal will offer great benefits for both staff and users through easier to access to more reliable documentation (for example, drawings and specifications).

Finally, on Wednesday, January 21, during the annual meeting of our Scientific Advisory Committee, we will be holding the first APS "cross-cut review." The subject is "Science with Microbeams" (more details in item 2). All are invited to this one-day review, which will elucidate the opportunities and provide a comprehensive overview of APS activities in this rapidly growing area.

2. Review: Science with Microbeams
(Contact: Susan Strasser,

All APS staff and users are welcome to attend the "Science with Microbeams" review on Wednesday, January 21, 2004, in the Building 402 Conference Center auditorium. The day-long review will feature 11 half-hour scientific talks, beginning at 9:00 a.m. The talks will be preceded by an overview given by Murray Gibson (8:30 a.m.) and followed by a talk by Eric Isaacs on future nanobeam studies (4:30 p.m.).

This event is the first APS "cross-cut" review, designed to provide the APS Scientific Advisory Committee (SAC) with an overview of APS scientific accomplishments, programs, and capabilities in a specific area--in this case microbeam/microscopy research programs involving x-rays focused to ~10 µm and smaller. The review panel will be chaired by Gerhard Materlik from the SAC and includes all APS Scientific Advisory Committee members, plus two additional experts. The review report will serve as a baseline document of current capabilities in the microbeam area, with especially noteworthy or unique areas highlighted, and could provide a means of identifying areas for new initiatives.


Three-dimensional polychromatic microdiffraction studies of mesoscale structure and dynamics (Gene Ice, Sector 33)


Microbeam imaging of crystals by coherent diffraction at 34-ID-C (Ian Robinson, Sector 34)


Applications of x-ray microbeams at the PNC-CAT beamlines (Steve Heald, Sector 20)




High-pressure geoscience at GSECARS (Guoyin Shen, Sector 13)


Earth and environmental science at the microscale level at GSECARS (Matt Newville, Sector 13)


The study of ferroelectric switching using x-ray synchrotron radiation (Carol Thompson, Sector 12)


Strain effects in thin film/Si substrates revealed by x-ray microdiffraction (Cev Noyan, Sector 2)


Current and planned use of micro-beams for mineral-water interface studies at BESSRC (Paul Fenter, Sector 12)


Probing ferroelectricity, charge density wave dynamics, and magnetism with submicron x-ray diffraction (Paul Evans, Sector 7)




Magnetism studies with microbeams (George Srajer, Sector 4)


Intracellular manipulation by TiO2 (Gayle Woloschak, Sector 2)


Future of Nanobeam Studies (Eric Isaacs, Director, Argonne Center for Nanoscale Materials)

3. General User Program Wrap-up for Run 2004-1
(Contact: Jane Andrew, jandrew@aps.anl.gov)

General Users have been notified of their beam time allocation for Run 2004-1. We considered 440 requests, of which 240 were allocated time. Of the requests, about 330 were new proposals and 110 were requests against existing proposals. Requests that received time had an average score of 2.1 (on a scale of 1 to 5, where 1 is best). Note that the success rate varies from beamline to beamline, depending on the overall demand for particular capabilities and the amount of time a beamline makes available to General Users. The distribution of scores is shown at http://www.aps.anl.gov/user/beamtime/gu_results.html.

The deadline to request time for Run 2004-2 (May 25 to August 25) is March 17. Note that deadline is a Wednesday this time, due to scheduling issues. Please remember that you must submit a beam time request for each cycle in which you want time. The proposal system is at http://beam.aps.anl.gov/pls/apsweb/gup0005.start_page.

4. APS at the APS: Stop by in Montreal
(Contact: Jane Andrew, jandrew@aps.anl.gov)

Encouraged by the warm reception of our exhibits at the American Crystallographic Association meeting (July) and Materials Research Society fall meeting (December), we're preparing our third venture. Our next venue will be the American Physical Society meeting, March 22-24, in Montreal. If you're at the meeting, please stop by to chat. (And if you'd be willing to staff the exhibit with us during a particular time slot, we'd be especially delighted. Contact Jane Andrew for more information.)

5. User Meeting Approaching--Save the Dates!

The 2004 Users Meeting for the APS will be held May 3-6. A new twist this year is that the first users meeting for the Argonne Center for Nanoscale Materials will be held on May 3, the Monday before the APS meeting. A reception Monday afternoon will be open to attendees of either meeting, and a discounted fee will available for users who want to attend both.

We're looking at a few other tweaks to the schedule, but the general plan is the same as last year: workshops on Tuesday, May 4, a plenary session and scientific talks on Wednesday, the business meeting of the APS Users Organization and more talks on Thursday morning, and a final workshop session on Thursday afternoon.

And the all-important question: what about the banquet? We're going to turn the Guest House into the scene of good, old-fashioned Midwestern country fun, complete with a pig roast, toe-tapping old-time bluegrass music, and some "Midwestern moonshine"! (And yes, there will be plenty of chairs for when you get tired of two-stepping.)

6. Familiar Names, New Roles

The APS has welcomed many people into new roles in the last few months. All of them have long been associated with the APS, and they bring to their new work a wealth of experience. The following is a partial list of the changes.

Gabrielle Long, Associate Division Director for X-ray Operation and Research (XOR), Experimental Facilities (XFD) Division. Gabrielle comes to the APS from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), where she led the Materials Microstructure Characterization Group for ten years and was the (Acting) Chief of the Ceramics Division for one year. She has also been one of the scientific leaders at UNI-CAT since 1994. Contact info: 401/B4195, 630-252-6012, gglong@aps.anl.gov.

Mark Beno, Deputy Division Director for Efim Gluskin, XFD. Mark has played a major role in the development and operations of BESSRC beamlines, and, for the present, he will continue to lead the BESSRC group within XFD. Contact info: 401/B4189, 630-252-3507, beno@aps.anl.gov.

Patricia Fernandez, Group Leader, Beamline Technical Support Group, APS Operations Division (AOD). Patricia comes from Lucent Technologies, where she devoted her talents to designing the radio network controller software for UMTS (Universal Mobile Telecommunications Systems) cellular networks. Patricia worked at Argonne from 1989-2000 in XFD for the X-ray Optics Group, working primarily on high-heat-load optics. Contact info: 401/B3212, 630-252-8437, fernandz@aps.anl.gov.

Kevin Randall, User Technical Interface, APS Operations Division (AOD). Kevin comes most recently from Lucent Technologies, where he worked on integration and system testing for a Mobile Switching Center. From 1992 to 1998, he worked at APS as lead scientist on the 2-ID-C intermediate energy x-ray beamline. Contact info: 401/B4184, 630-252-8446, randall@aps.anl.gov.

John Carwardine, Associate Division Director for Electrical Systems, Accelerator Systems Division. Most recently John served as the Group Leader of the Electrical Systems Group. In his new role, he will oversee the activities of the Safety Interlocks, Power Systems, Controls, and RF Groups and will serve as a point of contact for electrical and electronic issues for the APS as a whole. Contact info: 401/C4258, 630-252-6041, carwar@aps.anl.gov

Mohan Ramanthan, Configuration Control System Manager, AOD. In connection with AOD's expanded oversight responsibility for beamline and front-end shielding components, Mohan's new role includes approving all installation and maintenance of shielding components and verifying the work before the components are returned to operation. Contact info: 401/C1243, 630-252-3773, mohan@aps.anl.gov.

7. Briefly Noted

Neutron conference

The [Neutron] Conference on Dynamics of Disordered Materials on the Nanometer Scale will be held February 23-27, 2004, at Daewoo Hotel, Hanoi, Vietnam. This international conference will promote the confluence of ideas and expertise from diverse experimental and theoretical approaches in order to accelerate research on the dynamics of disordered materials on the nanometer scale. More information is at

Annual gate passes for family members

To renew a family member's annual Argonne gate pass, you should contact the APS User Office.
--U.S. citizen: please call or write 630-252-9090 or
--Non-U.S. citizen: please contact Sharon Fisher at 630-252-7858,

Administrative Dates and Deadlines

A listing of technical meetings and workshops is available on the APS home page (http://aps.anl.gov) under the heading Meetings, Etc.

*New entry since last issue

January 19, 2004


Start of Run 2004-1

January 20-22, 2004

Scientific Advisory Committee meeting

*March 17, 2004

Partner User proposal deadline

*March 17, 2004

General User proposal deadline for Run 2004-2

*March 22-24, 2004

APS exhibiting at American Physical Society meeting, Montreal

April 19, 2004

End of Run 2004-1

*April 30, 2004

General User results announced (approximate)

May 3-6, 2004

APS User Meeting

*May 4, 2004

Partner User Council meeting

*May 5, 2004   Election deadline, APS Users Organization Steering Committee

*May 6, 2004

APS Users Organization Steering Committee meeting

*May 25, 2004

Start of Run 2004-2

*July 22, 2004

APS Users Organization Steering Committee meeting

*July 23, 2004

Partner User Council meeting

August 2004

Sixth National School on Neutron and X-ray Scattering

*August 25

End of Run 2004-2