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Resonant x-ray diffraction of the magnetoresistant perovskite Pr0.6Ca0.4MnO3

Grenier S, Hill JP, Gibbs D, Thomas KJ, Zimmermann MV, Nelson CS, Kiryukhin V, Tokura Y, Tomioka Y, Casa D, Gog T, Venkataraman C

69 (13): Art. No. 134419 APR 2004
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We report a resonant x-ray-diffraction study of the magnetoresistant perovskite Pr0.6Ca0.4MnO3. We discuss the spectra measured above and below the semiconductor-insulator transition temperature with the aid of a detailed formal analysis of the energy and polarization dependences of the structure factors and ab initio calculations of the spectra. In the low-temperature insulating phase, we find that inequivalent Mn atoms order in a CE-type pattern and that the crystallographic structure of La0.5Ca0.5MnO3 [Radaelli , Phys. Rev. B 55, 3015 (1997)] can also describe this system in detail. Instead, the alternative structure proposed for the so-called Zener-polaron model [Daoud-Aladine , Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 097205 (2002)] is ruled out by crystallographic and spectroscopic evidence. Our analysis supports a model involving orbital ordering. However, we confirm that there is no direct evidence of charge disproportionation in the Mn K-edge resonant spectra. Therefore, we consider a CE-type model in which there are two Mn sublattices, each with partial e(g) occupancy. One sublattice consists of Mn atoms with the 3x(2)-r(2) or 3y(2)-r(2) orbitals partially occupied in an alternating pattern, the other sublattice with the x(2)-y(2) orbital partially occupied.

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