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X-ray scattering studies of 2H-NbSe2, a superconductor and charge density wave material, under high external magnetic fields

Du CH, Lin WJ, Su Y, Tanner BK, Hatton PD, Casa D, Keimer B, Hill JP, Oglesby CS, Hohl H

12 (25): 5361-5370 JUN 26 2000
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Using x-ray scattering we have measured the response of the incommensurate charge-density wave (CDW) modulation in the quasi-low-dimensional material 2H-NbSe2 to applied magnetic fields at low temperatures. The application of a magnetic field, either perpendicular or parallel to the layers of a single crystal of 2H-NbSe2, caused no significant change to either the correlation length or the intensity of the CDW satellites for magnetic fields up to 10 T. These results suggest that the enhancement of the resistance observed in low-dimensional CDW materials exposed to the applied magnetic field does not result from an appreciable conversion of carriers from the normal state to the CDW state. In addition 2H-NbSe2 is a superconductor at low temperatures (T-c = 7.2 K), whilst still within the incommensurate CDW state. This material therefore affords an opportunity to study any interaction between the CDW and superconducting condensates. High magnetic fields can suppress the superconducting stale yet no change in the incommensurate CDW satellite correlation length or intensity was observed at high applied magnetic fields. These results conflict with spectroscopic measurements, which suggest a coupling between the superconducting gap excitations and the CDW.


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